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What is the Stock Market?

The short and sweet answer is, a way to own part of a company that you do not manage or even work for. Therefore gaining the ability to earn from a company’s success.

Companies are either privately held or publicly held. When you hear of a company “going public” they are preparing to launch an IPO (Initial Public Offering). Simply put, the soon-to-be-public company is to allowing the general public to invest in their company and therefore own part of their company. So, when purchasing what is referred to as a “share” of a company you are doing just that, buying your share (a certain percentage) of a company.

What is a Stock?

A stock is your little piece of the larger company that you own and control. Granted, if you own stock in a company, you most likely own a small percentage of the company. As an owner of the company, though, you are entitled to your piece of “worth” that the company earns along with voting rights attached to the stock.

The physical representation of owning a stock is the stock certificate. The stock certificate is an official document (piece of paper) that is proof of your ownership. With the invention and popularity of online stock trading, you may never actually see a physical stock certificate. The brokerage in which you belong to keeps the records of your ownership electronically. This process of having electronic “holdings” makes the trading of stocks as easy as a mouse click. You used to have to actually sell and hand over the physical stock certificate to the brokerage or person you were selling it to.

Learning to Trade Online Tutorial

This tutorial aims to help guide you through the process of earning money off the stock market. From the basics of finding a brokerage, researching and finding a company to invest in and maintaining a healthy and profitable portfolio of stocks.

Stock Market Basics : Table of Contents

  1. What is the Stock Market
  2. Major US Stock Exchanges
  3. Buying Stocks
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